Omelet and boiled eggs for breakfast, scrambled eggs for lunch and another round of boiled eggs for dinner just sums up my day as a homesteader. This is all thanks to my lovely hens cackling and crowing in my backyard.

As a homesteader rearing chicken, you need to carefully select the best egg laying chicken breeds that will satisfy your insatiable appetite for eggs. For my part, I love my eggs in plenty, just as they should also be of considerable sizes.

Not all chicken breeds will satisfy these two criteria though. But the numerous number of them out there makes choosing one very hard. Some of you might not be even aware that there are different breeds of egg-laying hens.

In this guide, I am going to share with you some of the breeds that are renowned for their egg-laying prowess throughout the year.

How to ensure that your chickens produce lots of good quality eggs

From the many years that I have reared my chickens, I have learned that these birds do not just poop out the eggs you need. They have to be well taken off for them to reward you in plenty. If you are planning to start out, here are some of the requirements you need to have in place.

  • Superior nutrition

It is foolhardy to assume that the hens will just pick and dig out the food they need from around the yard. Hens need an endless supply of food (chicken feed) for the best and abundant eggs. Their meals should be rich in proteins, with a combination of minerals, calcium, and vitamins.

  • Freedom of movement

Though not at all the times. The hens will need some time to stretch a bit, have dust baths and rustle their feathers. The lack of this will stress and bore the hens, and they won’t be laying for you eggs as you wish.

  • Security

You need to ensure your girls are safe from any predator that may prey on them or your eggs. The backyard and their nesting boxes should be fenced with chicken wire mesh. Also restrict the movements there.

  • Daylight

If you are planning on having the girls in your backyard to keep laying eggs, then you need to provide for them at least 14 hours of daylight every day. You, therefore, need to make arrangements so that they are out as soon as the sun rises.

During the winter when sunlight is very rare, then you need to provide artificial lighting.

Best egg laying chicken breeds

This list is in no particular order or preference.

  1. Rhode Island red

This breed traces its origin in the Compton District in Rhode Island. And because of their much-famed egg-laying prowess, they are, therefore, one of the most famous breeds in the world.

Additionally, because of their attractive appearance together with the superiority in matters related to laying eggs; most beginner homesteaders find them suitable for their needs.

Eggs they can lay: About 250 – 300 eggs per year

Character: Hardy and easy going

Weight: about 6.5 pounds

Egg laying starts at 18-24 weeks of age

  1. Golden Laced Wyandotte

The Wyandotte is a hardy, no-nonsense and robust egg-laying hen. This breed of hen is not only good at laying eggs but is also famed for their tasty meat (if you are into that kind of thing).

What makes them lovely to backyard poultry keepers is their irresistible beauty and good free-ranging abilities. They will also come in handy when you need them to brood a few chicks.

Eggs they can lay: About 200 eggs per year

Character: Docile and broody

Weight: about 6 pounds

Egg laying starts at 18-20 weeks of age

  1. Speckled Sussex

The Speckled Sussex is one versatile breed as it can lay eggs and also be bred for meat. This is due to their heavy physique (females can weigh up to a whopping 8 pounds in average).

Their size might make you think they are aggressive and always bulling other chicken breeds. But this is not always so, they are calm and are sometimes bullied by other chickens.

Eggs they can lay: About 250 eggs per year

Character: Docile, Calm and Curious

Weight: about 7-8 pounds

Egg laying starts at 16-20 weeks of age

  1. White Leghorns

This breed is one of the best egg layers that you can rear in your backyard. The numerous eggs they lay will be enough for your consumption and sales needs.

They have a distinct character of brooding less often, and that is why they compensate for that with their egg-laying prowess. With these, you can be sure to get around 280 eggs per year when they are properly taken care of.

Eggs they can lay: About 280 eggs per year

Character: Nervous and takes Flight often

Weight: About 5 pounds

Egg laying starts at 16-17 weeks of age

  1. Golden Comet

This is a free-spirited free ranger bird for your backyard poultry collection. At the end of every year, you can be sure to count about 250 – 300 eggs from this bird breed alone.

They produce brown colored eggs and are generally tolerant of other birds around them too. This makes your work a lot easier.

Eggs they can lay: About 250 – 300 eggs per year

Character: Gentle and Tolerant of others

Weight: About 5 – 7.5 pounds

Egg laying starts at 15 weeks of age

  1. New Hampshire Red

Here is an all-rounder hen for your needs. Considerable egg laying ability (about 200 eggs), ease of care and good brooding abilities are some of the features why I have this breed on this list.  You would definitely love this breed too.

And if you are one of those that like chicken meat from your own flock once in a while, (I don’t), then the tasty meat will make do.

Eggs they can lay: About 200 eggs per year

Character: Competitive and Aggressive

Weight: About 6.5 pounds

Egg laying starts at 18 – 21 weeks of age

  1. The Australorp

Averaging between 250 – 300 eggs per year, this is one of the great layers around. They need quite some space to free range, so you have to provide this.  Better still, their docile nature means that they are easy to take care of.

However, they tend to take to be bullied at times. You, therefore, need to take a keener approach with them.

Eggs they can lay: About 250 – 300 eggs per year

Character: Hardy

Weight: About 5 – 7 pounds

Egg laying starts at 22 – 24 weeks of age

  1. The Ameraucana

This breed is referred to as Easter Eggers in some quarters. The colors of the eggs they lay always have various shades of green, blue, cream and blue-green. Handling them is quite easy as they are hardy when winter comes.

Their egg-laying prowess is what I would call above average. But their cool and non-aggressive demeanor is what appeals most to me. They would not pick on your kids when they go to collect the eggs.

Eggs they can lay: About 250 eggs per year

Character: Hardy and Broody

Weight: About 4.5 – 5.5 pounds

Egg laying starts at 25 – 30 weeks of age

  1. Issa Brown

What a charming and pretty bird. This particular breed is known for their friendliness and impeccable egg-laying trends. They can lay up to 300 eggs per year, provided that the right environment is availed.

This would be realized year in and out, even in very adverse weather conditions. In reward for their amazing characteristics, they would demand a little attention since they are prone to parasites.

Eggs they can lay: About 300 eggs per year

Character: Friendly

Weight: About 4.40 pounds

Egg laying starts at 16 – 22 weeks of age

  1. The Red Stars

This is one of the hybrid breeds, just like the Comet that I earlier mentioned. Their egg laying ability is quite amazing too, with eggs up to 300 per year when well cared for. With these birds, you can expect them to start laying eggs at about 10 to 16 weeks old.

They are easy to care for, provided there is enough space for them to forage in.

Eggs they can lay: About 300 eggs per year

Character: Friendly

Weight: About 6 pounds

Egg laying starts at 10 – 16 weeks of age